Life span motor development


Subject carrier


– Definition of motor development
– The models of motor development
– The history of motor development research

Human growth and maturation:
– Prenatal development
– Life-span development of individual body systems, with an emphasis on nervous and musculoskeletal system
– The development of motor abilities (strength, flexibility, endurance, coordination)
– Changes in body composition

Motor development:
– Early motor development
o Reflex reactions in infants
o Important milestones in infant development
o The onset of postural control and balance development
– The development of locomotor movements
o Early voluntary movements (crawling)
o Walking
o Running
o Other locomotor movements
– The development of ballistic movements (throwing, kicking, punching)
– The development of manipulative movements (grasping, catching)

The development of sensory system and its role in motor control
– Vison development
– Hearing development
– Kinesthesia
– Postural control and balance
– Anticipatory reactions and postural reflex responses
– Open-loop and closed-loop mechanisms
– Other mechanisms of motor control

Limiting factors of motor development:
– Cultural and social limitations
– Psychological limitations

Motor learning
– Basic definitions and models
– Phases of motor learning
– Motor skill learning and motor transfer
– Approaches to motor learning
o The structure of training program
o Synthetic and analytical approach
o Feedback use
o Examples of good practice
– Comparison of cyclic and acyclic movements regarding motor learning and motor control

Aging and motor decline
– Decline of motor abilities in elderly
– Decline of motor skills in elderly
– Approached to motor competences preservation in elderly