Cell Biology


Subject carrier


• General on cell and research in cell biology: formation and evolution of the cell, light and electron microscope, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell, model organisms
• Molecular composition of the cell: water and inorganic substances, proteins, carbohydrates, nuclear acids, polysaccharides
• Cell metabolism: catabolism, anabolism, cellular respiration, photosynthesis, enzymes
• Structure and function of cell organelles: nucleus, chromosomes, genes, DNA, transcription, DNA duplication, repair and recombination, ribosomes and translation, cell membrane, membrane transport, endomembrane system: endoplasmatis reticulum, Golgy aparatus, vacuoles, membrane cycling, endocytosis, exocytosis, intracellular digestion, lysosomes, energy transformation organelles: mitochondria and chloroplasts, cytosol, cytoskeleton: microtubules, actin filaments, intermediary filaments, cell wall
• Cell communication: receptors, signal molecules
• Cell cycle: interphyse and M phase, regulation
• Cell division: mitosis and cytokinesis
• Cell death: apoptosis, necrosis
• Meiosis, sexual reproduction, stem cells
• Basics of inheritance
• Selected cell types: muscle cell, neuron, erythrocyte, epithelial cell, stem cell
• Basic methods in molecular biology