Basics of exercise physiology

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1. Cardiovascular response and adaptation to exercise
1.1. Physiological response of the cardiovascular system to physical effort
1.2 Adaptations of the cardiovascular system to chronic efforts
2. Respiratory response and adaptations to exercise
2.1. Physiological response of the respiratory system to physical effort
2.2. Adaptations of the respiratory system to chronic efforts
3. Blood and physical effort
4. Thermoregulatory response and adaptations to exercise
4.1 Physiology of thermoregulation during exercise
4.2. Adaptations of thermoregulation to chronic effort
5. Neuro – muscular response and adaptation to exercise
5.1. Neuro – muscular response to effort
5.2 Adaptations of the nervous system to chronic effort
6. Hormonal response and adaptations to exercise
6.1 Hormonal response to physical effort
6.2 Adaptation of the endocrine system to chronic efforts
7. Homeostasis
7.1 Homeostasis control
7.2 Alostasis
8. Metabolism during physical effort
8.1 Nutrition: carbohydrates, fats, protein
8.2. Absorption of nutrients during physical effort
8.3. Metabolism of glucose, fatty acids and amino acids
8.4 Hormonal regulation of metabolism during exercise
8.5 Cell metabolism
9. Hydration during physical effort
9.1 Water and electrolytes
9.2 Dehydration
9.3 Hyponatremia
10. Fatigue mechanisms
11. Oxidative stress
12. Regeneration and inflammation
13. Overtraining