Molecular mechanisms of nutrition and exercise


Subject carrier


Molecular mechanisms of metabolism
• Macronutrients and micronutrients
• Digestion, absorption
• Regulation of metabolic processes
• The role of microelement in physiological and pathophysiological processes
Molecular processes in different organ systems and complex connections between them
• Molecular processes in skeletal and heart muscle, gut, liver, adipose tissue, brain, bones
• Communication between tissues – paracrine factors, hormones, extracellular vesicles
• Immune system and inflammation
Gut Microbiota
• The role of nutrients on the variety of bacterial cultures
• Gut-brain axes
• The influence of exercise on microbiota and vice versa
• Microbiota and immune system
Regulation of metabolic processes during exercise and in different dietary protocols
• Usage of energents in high intensity and endurance exercise
• Increasing sport performance with food
• Low fat, low carb diet, Mediterranean diet and other dietary protocols
Metabolic processes under specific circumstances
• Intensive physical activity
• Stress
• Obesity
• Metabolic syndrome, diabetes
• Development of chronic conditions
• Feeding disorder
• Aging
Nutrition, exercise and DNA-metabolism
• Gene expression regulation
• Epigenetics
• Oxidative stress and DNA damage
• DNA-repair mechanisms
• Neuroprotective effects of physical activity
• Role of macro- and microelements in neurogenesis
• Effects on cognitive performance
State of the art methodology in research of molecular mechanisms